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More Than 70 Years of Comprehensive Restorative Dentistry in Chelyan, WV
DENTAL CROWNS & DENTAL BRIDGES
Dental crowns and bridges are used to restore and protect damaged teeth or replace missing teeth. Your dentist uses a crown (also referred to as a cap) to entirely cover a damaged tooth. A crown not only strengthens a tooth, but it can dramatically improve a tooth’s appearance, shape and alignment. We use dental crowns to:
- Cover a tooth that has had a large filling
- Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
- Restore a fractured tooth
- Attach a bridge
- Complete a dental implant
- Cover a discolored or poorly shaped tooth
- Cover a tooth that has had root canal therapy
A dental bridge fills the space created by a missing tooth or teeth. A bridge consists of one or more artificial teeth cemented in place using the teeth on either side for support. A dental bridge is both art and science, since it replaces a missing tooth functionally and cosmetically. It is important to replace a missing tooth as soon as possible. Without treatment, the teeth surrounding the gap will shift inward. This can worsen the bite due to changes in pressure and can eventually result in jaw problems such as TMJ. Bridges and crowns are very durable and can last a lifetime with extra care and good oral hygiene.
Good oral hygiene should always be practiced, since the loss of a single tooth can have major impact upon your oral health and appearance. Although your dentist will use every measure to prevent tooth loss, there are still occasions when a tooth may need to be extracted due to:
- Severe decay
- Advanced periodontal disease
- Infection or abcess
- Orthodontic correction
- Malpositioned teeth
- Fractured tooth or root
- Impacted teeth
After careful examination and treatment, your dentist may advise extraction. Wisdom teeth are the last molars or “third molars” that develop on each side of the jaws. Wisdom teeth usually emerge in the back of the mouth between the ages of 16 to 20. Wisdom teeth are a valuable asset to the mouth when they are healthy and properly positioned. Often, however, problems develop that require their removal. When the jaw isn't large enough to accommodate wisdom teeth, they can become impacted or misaligned. Wisdom teeth may also grow in sideways, emerge only partially through the gum or remain trapped beneath the gum. A wisdom tooth extraction is a relatively routine procedure. After the tooth is removed, we will provide care instructions to ensure proper healing. Some pain and swelling may occur but will normally subside after a few days. You should call us if you have prolonged or severe pain, swelling, bleeding or fever.
Your dentist will evaluate at consultation whether wisdom teeth should be taken out at his office or you should be referred to an oral surgeon.
ROOT CANAL THERAPY
Root canal therapy, or endodontic therapy, is necessary when an untreated cavity reaches all the way to the tooth pulp or when deep restorations or trauma to a tooth cause nerve damage. Once the pulp becomes infected, it can eat away at the surrounding bone (this is known as an abscess). If the pulp is infected, not only is it painful, it requires treatment as it cannot heal on its own. Symptoms that indicate the pulp has become infected may include sensitivity to hot/cold or sweets, pain, swelling, pain to biting or pressure, and a bad taste in the mouth. However, sometimes no symptoms are apparent and you may be unaware of any problem until a checkup. Root canal therapy cleans out the infected tooth pulp and disinfects the tooth canals. Basically, root canal therapy stops the pain and still saves the tooth. The only alternative treatment is extraction.
A dental implant is the ideal solution for people who are missing one or more teeth. A dental implant is a titanium post surgically placed into the jaw where it acts as a “root.” Once the bone surrounding the implant has healed, your dentist attaches a replacement tooth to the post. While implants are typically more expensive than other methods of tooth replacement, they provide superior benefits. Implants are stronger than natural teeth and generally last 10 to 20 years. They are also more favorable than bridgework since they do not rely on altering neighboring teeth for support.
These are removable replacements for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. There are partial and complete dentures. We use partial dentures when some natural teeth remain and complete dentures when no teeth remain. Dentures are made to resemble your natural teeth, so there is no noticeable change to your appearance. Dentures can even improve your smile! Dentures are custom-created to look like natural teeth and positioned to take the place of natural teeth. Complete dentures are removable and may require adjustments in order to create a proper fit with the gums and mouth. A removable partial denture usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a gum-colored base. A fixed partial denture acts the same as a removable denture, but it is cemented into place using adjacent teeth for support.
New dentures may feel awkward or loose for the first few weeks until the muscles of your cheek and tongue learn to keep them in place and you are comfortable eating and speaking. Although this may require some practice, you will adjust and enjoy the benefits a full mouth of teeth provides.
NIGHTGUARDS & MOUTHGUARDS
Custom-designed mouthguards and nightguards are made of flexible plastic and molded to fit the shape of your teeth. We recommend mouthguards to protect the jaw and teeth during physical activity and sports such as boxing, football, basketball or other activities where your mouth may be hit. Guards also protect the soft tissues of your tongue, lips and cheek lining. We recommend nightguards for patients who clench or grind their teeth at night. If you have decided a guard is right for you, we will take an impression of your teeth and send it to a lab to make a custom-fit guard. In most cases, you can choose from a variety of colors and styles. These guards last between three and 10 years.
TMJ stands for the temporomandibular joint. Problems in this joint may be caused by a misalignment of the teeth, trauma or excess muscle tension. Cartilage buffers the two bones and five muscles that meet in this area, and problems can create severe pain and biting difficulties. Symptoms include:
- Trouble/soreness in opening & closing the mouth
- Clicking or popping of the jaw
- Pain in the jaw muscles
- Soreness in the area, sometimes extending to the face
Dental treatments for the condition can include replacing missing teeth, moving teeth, adjusting the bite and filling gaps between teeth. There is no one solution that is right for everyone who experiences this problem. We occasionally use a plastic mouthpiece to prevent clenching or grinding. In untreated and severe cases, surgery may be required to repair a badly damaged joint.
Get restorative dentistry you can trust at Grace Dental Care. Call 304.595.3551.
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We know dental emergencies are never convenient or timely,
and we are commited to our patients' health no matter the time.
If you are a current patient, and have a dental emergency
after regular office hours, please call us at 304.595.3551